SOC4300/ Midterm Essay Exam

Instructions: Choose ONE question below. Identify the question number, but do not write the questions. Your answer should be at least 500 words with substantive content and analysis. Your answers should be primarily based on the readings assigned. When you use additional materials, you must identify the sources and cite them in an appropriate manner. You must avoid any hints of plagiarism: All ideas borrowed from the textbook and others should be appropriately cited. Cite the specific concept, phrases, or sentence in the readings at least three times when you support your arguments. Don’t cite a long sentence; it should be no more than 25 words in each direct citation. Make sure that you identify the page number so that I can verify your supporting evidence in the reading. Your paper should have an appropriate format and organization (1 inch margins, double-spaced, 12 font size). You must submit your answer in the Exam folder of Droxbox by midnight on Wednesday, March 11, to receive the full credits. Late work may be accepted with heavy penalties. Grading is primarily based on three criteria:

?    Depth of Subject: ?Demonstrate understanding of major concepts and theories/ ?Adequate support and evidence by examples/ ?Adheres to and fulfills the requirements of the assignment.
?    Organization: ?Is precise, pertinent, and well supported/ ?Avoids tangential material that detracts from central focus/ ?Provides clear transitions between and within sections of paper.
?    Clarity of Expression: ?Sentences are clear, concise, and logical/ ?Spelling, punctuation, capitalization, etc., are correct.

Option #1: Nativism

Assigned Readings:

•    Jaret, Charles. 2002. “Troubled by Newcomers: Anti-immigrant Attitudes and Actions during Two Eras of Mass Migration.” Pp. 21-63 in Mass Migration to the United States: Classical and Contemporary Periods, edited by Pyong Gap Min. Wlanut Creek, CA: AltaMira.

•    Fussell, Elizabeth. 2014. “Warmth of the Welcome: Attitudes toward Immigrants and Immigration Policy in the United States.” Annual Review of Sociology 40: 479-498.

In Unit 02, we discussed anti-immigrant attitudes and actions during two ears of mass migration. The United States is a nation of immigrants, but it also has a long history of anti-immigrant movements as well as fears and hostilities toward newcomers. Based on these two readings, address the following questions in your essay:

•    What is nativism?
•    What are the main dimensions or features of nativism then and now?
•    What are the recent trends in attitudes toward immigrants and immigration?
•    How do sociologists and other scholars explain anti-immigrant attitudes and actions in the United States?

Option #2: Myths about Immigration

There are many myths about immigration. These myths are quite pervasive in the mass media or in our everyday conversations. Some of them are listed below as an example, along with the sources that you can investigate the validity of these claims. Choose ONE [you may consider something else] and discuss why this claim is not true.

(1) “Immigrants are a drain on our social services.”

•    National Research Council, The New Americans: Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration, ed. James P. Smith and Barry Edmonston (Washington, D.C.: National AcademyPress, 1997).
•    Council of Economic Advisers, “Immigration’s Economic Impact,” Washington, D.C. June 20, 2007.
•    Rand Corporation. “Rand Study Shows Relatively Little Public Money Spent Providing Health Care to Undocumented Immigrants,” November 14, 2006.

(2) “Immigrants, particularly Latino immigrants, don’t want to learn English.”

•    Pew Hispanic Center. “English Usage Among Hispanics in United States,” November 2007.

(3) “Immigrants don’t want to become citizens.”

•    Pew Hispanic Center. “Growing Share of Immigrants Choosing Naturalization.” Jeffrey Passel. March 28, 2007.
•    Washington Post. “Immigrant Paperwork Backs Up at DHS,” Spenser S. Hsu. November 22, 2007.
•    New York Times. “Legal Immigrants Facing a Longer Wait,” Julia Preston. January 18, 2008.
•    Testimony by Emilio Gonzalez, Director of U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services for a Hearing before the House Judiciary Committee. January 17, 2008.

(4) “Immigrants don’t pay taxes.”

•    The Community Foundation and the Urban Institute. “Civic Contributions: Taxes Paid by Immigrants in the Washington, DC, Metropolitan Area. Randy Capps, Everett Henderson, Jeffery Passel, Michael Fix. May 2006.
•    New York Times. “Illegal Immigrants Are a Bolstering Social Security With Billions,” Eduardo Porter. (April 5, 2005).

(5) “Immigrants send all their money back to their home countries instead of spending money here.”

•    Pew Hispanic Center. “Between Here and There: How Attached Are Latino Immigrants To Their Native Country?” Roger Waldinger (UCLA), October 25, 2007.GHTS PROJECT

(6) “Immigration leads to an increase in crime and violence.”

•    National Institute of Justice, an agency of the U.S. Department of Justice. “On Immigration and Crime,” Ramiro Martinez, Jr., and Matthew T. Lee, July 2000.
•    American Immigration Law Foundation. “The Myth of Immigrant Criminality and the Paradox of Assimilation: Incarceration Rates among Native and Foreign-Born Men,” Rubén G. Rumbaut and Walter A. Ewing, Spring 2007.
•    National Bureau of Economic Research. Working Paper Series. “Why are Immigrants’ Incarceration Rates so Low? Evidence of Selective Immigration, Deterrence, and Deportation.” Kritine F. Butcher and Anne Morrison Piehl. July 2007.

(7) “Most immigrants are undocumented and have crossed the border illegally.”

•    Pew Hispanic Center. “Size and Characteristics of the Unauthorized Migrant Population in the U.S.” Jeffrey S. Passel, March 2006.
•    Pew Hispanic Center. “Modes of Entry for the Unauthorized Migrant Population.” Fact Sheet. May 2006.

(8) “Weak border enforcement has led to high rates of undocumented immigration. We should increase enforcement and build a wall around our border.”

•    Cato Institute. “Backfire at the Border: Why Enforcement Without Legalization Cannot Stop Illegal Immigration,” Douglas Massey, June 2005.
•    Congressional Research Services. “Border Security: Barriers Along the U.S International Border,” Blas Nunez-Neto and Stephen Vina, December 2006.


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